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Our blood glucose level encloses the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is a type of sugar that comes from the foods we eat, and it’s also formed and stored inside the body. It’s the main source of energy for the cells of our body and it’s carried to each cell through the bloodstream.
Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). High blood glucose happens when the body has too little insulin (type 1 diabetes) or when the body can’t use insulin properly (type 2 diabetes).
Regularly having high blood sugar levels for long periods of time (over months or years) permanently damage some parts of the body such as the eyes, nerves, kidneys and blood vessels.
What causes high blood sugar?
A variety of things can trigger an increase in blood sugar level in people with diabetes, including:
- an illness, such as a cold
- eating too much, such as snacking between meals
- a lack of exercise
- missing a dose of your diabetes medication, or taking an incorrect dose
- over-treating an episode of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
- taking certain medicines, such as steroid medication
Occasional episodes of hyperglycemia can also occur in children and young adults during growth spurts.
What are the high blood sugar symptoms?
Having high blood sugar does not automatically mean you have diabetes. High blood sugar is only one symptom of diabetes. An individual experiencing hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) could have no symptoms at all. But, the most commonly-experienced high blood sugar symptoms include:
- Increased thirst
- Dry mouth
- Always being hungry
- Frequent urination and/or urination during the night
- Dry and itchy skin
- Daily fatigue or extreme tiredness
- Difficulty concentrating
- Excess abdominal fat/weight gain
- Recurrent infections
- Blurred vision
- Slow healing of cuts and wounds
- Nerve problems
- Stomach problems
- Reduction of Blood Sugar Levels with Glycemic Food
The Glycemic Index or simple GI starts from 0 and goes up to 100. This index can show us the amount of carbs in different foods which increase blood sugar.
You should know that high-GI ingredients are processed much faster than low-GI foods.
In case you are looking for a way to eliminate blood sugar symptoms, you will need to take more low-GI foods because they have the ability to reduce insulin levels. These foods are also great for weight management.
Here’s the GI Food List:
- One cup of hummus equals – 6
- One egg – 0
- One mid-sized yellow onion – 10
- One cup of broccoli – 10
- One cup of cashew nuts – 22
- One cup of walnuts – 15
- One large grapefruit – 50
- One cup of cherries – 22
- One cup of yogurt – 23
- One cup of butter beans – 34
- One Turkey sausage – 28
- One mid-sized apple – 38
- One cup of kidney beans – 31
- One cup of spaghetti – 42
- Eight ounces of tomato juice – 38
- Eight ounces of pineapple juice – 46
- One cup of green grapes – 46
- One medium orange – 48
- One large carrot – 47
- One cup of peas – 54
- One large banana – 52
This list actually includes low GI foods which you should take on a daily basis. Every food that is found on the GI scale between 0 and 54 is a low GI food.
- One tablespoon of raw honey – 55
- One cup of brown rice – 55
- One serving of macaroni and cheese – 64
- One cup of oatmeal – 58
- One cup of regular white rice – 64
These foods are called moderate GI foods by experts and people should take them moderately. They are located on the scale between 55 and 69.
- Two cups of popcorn – 72
- One slice of regular white bread – 70
- One rice cake – 78
- One doughnut (glazed) – 76
- One mid-sized baked potato – 85
- 50 grams of glucose – 100
- One serving of corn flakes – 92
This last list was dedicated to high GI foods. The best idea would be to remove them from your daily menu. High GI foods are found on the scale between 70 and 100. Frequent consumption of these foods can lead to many serious health issues.
This article is intended to help you understand the importance of the food you consume and how it affects your health.